The Egyptian parliamentary electoral system, which was introduced after the 25th of January revolution, is based on the system of proportional and individual lists.
Two thirds of the Egyptian Parliament are elected through a closed parties' list system, where as the remaining third is elected through an individual lists' system; meaning that the number of closed lists' seats are twice the number of individual lists' seats in each governorate.
The country is divided into 83 constituencies for the parliamentary elections. These 83 constituencies are especially for the individual electoral system that elects two candidates to represent each constituency; one of them at least should be representing workers and peasants, while the other 46 constituencies are for the closed lists' electoral system.
Voters cast their votes in two separate papers; one is for the lists in which they choose one list, while the second paper is for individuals where they choose two candidates and one of them should be representing the peasants' category.
Who can vote?
It is worth mentioning that anyone who is over 21 years old can participate in the parliamentary elections, as long as he\she has the national ID card. The Supreme Administrative Court announced on October 25,2011 the right of Egyptian expatriates to vote. Egyptians already started registering their names in the electoral lists in all Egyptian embassies across the world.
The Egyptian electoral system requires the presence of judges in each poll or committee. However concerning voting from abroad, the Egyptian ambassador and the members of the diplomatic missions supervise the voting process in each country.
The Supreme Elections Commission allowed civil society organizations to observe the electoral process.